All posts filed under: Singularity

Single molecules can work as reproducible transistors — at room temperature

Researchers are first to reproducibly achieve the current blockade effect using atomically precise molecules at room temperature, a result that could lead to shrinking electrical components + boosting data storage + computing power Date: August 14, 2017Source:Columbia Source: Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science Summary:  Researchers have now reproducibly demonstrated current blockade — the ability to switch a device from the insulating to the conducting state where charge is added and removed one electron at a time — using atomically precise molecular clusters at room temperature. The study shows that single molecules can function as reproducible circuit elements such as transistors or diodes that can easily operate at room temperature. A major goal in the field of molecular electronics, which aims to use single molecules as electronic components, is to make a device where a quantized, controllable flow of charge can be achieved at room temperature. A first step in this field is for researchers to demonstrate that single molecules can function as reproducible circuit elements such as transistors or diodes that can …

Neuromorphic Chips: a Path Towards Human-level AI

by Dan Elton on September 2, 2016, published on the Singularity Weblog Recently we have seen a slew of popular films that deal with artificial intelligence – most notably The Imitation Game, Chappie, Ex Machina, and Her. However, despite over five decades of research into artificial intelligence, there remain many tasks which are simple for humans that computers cannot do. Given the slow progress of AI, for many the prospect of computers with human-level intelligence seems further away today than it did when Isaac Asimov‘s classic I, Robot was published in 1950. The fact is, however, that today the development of neuromorphic chips offers a plausible path to realizing human-level artificial intelligence within the next few decades. Starting in the early 2000’s there was a realization that neural network models – based on how the human brain works – could solve many tasks that could not be solved by other methods. The buzzphrase ‘deep learning‘ has become a catch-all term for neural network models and related techniques…. Most deep learning practitioners acknowledge that the recent …

The Singularity and the Neural Code: Bionic convergence and psychic uploading won’t be possible unless we crack the neural code, science’s hardest problem.

         Written by John Horgan on March 22, 2016 A solution to the neural code could, in principle, give us unlimited power over our brains and hence minds. Science fiction—including mind-control, mind-reading, bionic enhancement and even psychic uploading—could become reality. Image: DARPA. The following is an edited, updated version of an article originally written for IEEE Spectrum. I’m 62, with all that entails. Grey hair, trick knee, trickier memory. I still play a mean game of hockey, but entropy looms ever larger. So part of me wants very much to believe that we are rapidly approaching “The Singularity.” Like heaven, the Singularity comes in many versions, but most involve bionic brain boosting. At first, we’ll become cyborgs, as brain chips soup up our perception, memory, and intelligence and eliminate the need for annoying TV remotes. Eventually, we will abandon our flesh-and-blood selves entirely and upload our digitized psyches into computers. We will then dwell happily forever in cyberspace, where, to paraphrase Woody Allen, we’ll never need to look for a parking space. Singularity enthusiasts, or …